Ahmadreza Yazdanbakhsh 1,2*
, Mohsen Sadani 2
, Mohammad Golaki 2 1
Workplace Health Promotion Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.2
Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health and Safety, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
The removal of formaldehyde as a toxic substance from aqueous solutions is of particular importance. In this research, a sequencing batch rotating-bed bioreactor (SBRB) was used on a laboratory scale for biodegradation of formaldehyde from synthetic wastewater. The reactor was made of plexiglas with a cylindrical shape. Kaldnes media were placed in a rotating cylindrical basket in the reactor. The effects of formaldehyde concentration (500–1500 mg/L), hydraulic retention time (HRT) (8, 15, 24 hours), and injection of hydrogen peroxide (0.1-0.5 mM) on the performance of the reactor were investigated. The results showed that in the SBRB, at an HRT of 24 hours and an inlet formaldehyde concentration of 1000 mg/L, the removal efficiencies of formaldehyde and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were 99.2% and 92%, respectively, while without rotating the bed, the removal efficiency of formaldehyde and COD was found to be 95% and 83%, respectively. By adding hydrogen peroxide at a concentration of 0.3 mM and operation of the SBRB with an HRT of 8 hours and an inlet formaldehyde concentration of 1000 mg/L, an improvement in the removal efficiency of formaldehyde and COD (4% and 22%, respectively) was observed. Accordingly, SBRB stimulation with hydrogen peroxide could be considered as a high-performance process for the removal of formaldehyde and corresponding COD at a short HRT.