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Submitted: 20 Oct 2021
Revision: 27 Nov 2021
Accepted: 21 Dec 2021
ePublished: 29 Dec 2021
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2021;8: 126-133.
doi: 10.34172/ajehe.2021.16
  Abstract View: 257
  PDF Download: 146

Systematic Review

Herbicide Residues in Water Resources: A Scoping Review

Sahand Jorfi 1 ORCID logo, Fakher Rahim 2,3, Alireza Rahmani 4, Nematollah Jaafarzadeh 1 ORCID logo, Zeinab Ghaedrahmat 5,6, Halime Almasi 5,6* ORCID logo, Amir Zahedi 5,6* ORCID logo

1 Environmental Technologies Research Center, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences. Ahvaz, Iran
2 Research Center of Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Clinical Research Development Unit, Golestan Hospital, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
4 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health and Research Center for Health Sciences, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran
5 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
6 Student Researcher Committee, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran
*Corresponding Authors: *Correspondence to Halime Almasi, Email: , Email: h.almasi14@yahoo.com; *Correspondence to Amir Zahedi, Email: , Email: azahedi.89@gmail.com

Abstract

Several recent studies have focused on leaching pesticides from agricultural soils into surface and groundwater resources during irrigation. As a result, information about herbicide residues in water was necessary for conserving related resources. This study provided an overview of monitoring herbicides in water resources worldwide. In this scoping review, five databases were searched for publications (1990 to April 2021), including Scopus, PubMed/Medline, Cochrane library, Embase, and Web of Science. Among the 394 identified articles, 17 papers were selected for inclusion. Most of these studies have been conducted in regions with low herbicide concentrations, including Spain, Greece, Canada, Brazil, Hungary, Malawi, Portugal, Lesotho, Germany, Serbia, and the USA. The high-level alachlor, metolachlor, atrazine, metribuzin, and simazine herbicides in groundwater were detected in Portugal (0.4-13μg/L). An overview of studies demonstrated that herbicides are widely used in water resources, and surface waters are more contaminated than groundwaters.
Keywords: Herbicide, Water resources, Surface water, Agriculture activity,


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