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Submitted: 13 Nov 2019
Revision: 05 Dec 2019
Accepted: 15 Dec 2019
ePublished: 31 Dec 2019
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2019;6(2): 113-118.
doi: 10.34172/ajehe.2019.15
  Abstract View: 122
  PDF Download: 8

Original Article

Health Impacts of Exposure to Heavy Metals in Some Selected Lipstick Products Available in Mashhad, Iran

Hossein Alidadi 1,2 ORCID logo, Sima Zamand 3 ORCID logo, Aliasghar Najafpoor 1,2, Hamid Heidarian 1, Aliakbar Dehghan 1,2, Maryam Sarkhosh 1,2, Vahid Taghavimanesh 3* ORCID logo

1 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3 Student Research Committee, Environmental Health Engineering, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
*Correspondence to Vahid Taghavimanesh, Tel: +9156201987, Email: vahid.taghavi18@gmail.com

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the levels of heavy metals in the lipstick products. In general, 30 samples were randomly selected from Mashhad markets. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and t test were used to compare color and price variables. Based on the results, the mean concentrations of studied elements were as follows: Cd (ND-0.52 µg/g), Cr (0.25-76.35 µg/g), Ni (ND-20.12 µg/g), Zn (ND-224.22 µg/g), Pb (ND-44.77 µg/g), and Hg (ND-0.32 µg/g). The presence of toxic metals in the samples, and on the other hand, continuous use and unintended ingestion of these metals can lead to their biological accumulation in the human body, thereby causing the development of different diseases. Hence, it deems necessary to apply suitable actions for the improvement of quality control over these products.
Keywords: Lipstick, Heavy metals, Contamination, Mashhad,
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