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Submitted: 04 May 2019
Accepted: 26 Sep 2019
First published online: 04 Dec 2019
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2019;6(1):43-50.
doi: 10.15171/ajehe.2019.06
  Abstract View: 57
  PDF Download: 1

Original Article

Hazardous waste site selection Using fuzzy logic combined with analytic hierarchy process A case study in Nahavand, Iran

Abbas Najjare 1 * ORCID logo, Kamran Shayesteh 2

1 Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Hamedan, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Hamedan, Iran

Abstract

Hazardous wastes include numerous kinds of discarded chemicals and other wastes generated from industrial, commercial, and institutional activities. Because of the complexity of waste management systems, the selection of the appropriate solid waste landfill site requires consideration of multiple alternative solutions and evaluation criteria. Based on actual conditions of the study area, we considered economic, biological and topographical factors (12 criteria). This paper investigated the use of the Fuzzy logic in combination with Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method by applying GIS and IDRISI software for the selection of a hazardous waste landfill site in the Iranian province of Hamedan. The candidate sites were determined by aggregation based on the criteria weights. The best location was determined via the Fuzzy and the AHP methodologies. By collating the area selected for the hazardous waste landfill, this study found that Fuzzy logic with AHP methodologies had the best options for this purpose. In the end, 6 suitable area for a hazardous waste landfill was were selected in Nahvand town. The combination of AHP method with Fuzzy logic using GIS in our experiment proves it is a powerful tool for solid waste landfill site selection.
Keywords: GIS, Hazardous waste management, Hamedan, Landfill Site Selection,
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