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Submitted: 01 Nov 2015
Revision: 15 Dec 2015
Accepted: 28 Dec 2015
ePublished: 30 Dec 2015
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2015;2(2): 3769.
doi: 10.17795/ajehe-3769
  Abstract View: 1112
  PDF Download: 600

Research Article

Evaluation of HospitalWaste Management and Its Categorization in Valiasr Hospital, Mamasani Nurabad City, Fars

Zahra Zahra Elhamiyan Zahra Elhamiyan 1, Abooalfazl Azhdarpoor 1*, Zakiyyeh Mousavi 2

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
2 Department of Health Education, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, IR Iran
*Corresponding Author: Email: azhdarpoor@sums.ac.ir

Abstract

The evaluation of both qualitative and quantitative factors regarding biomedical waste can help remedy the shortcomings of thecurrent hospital wastemanagement(HWM)system. The present study used a questionnaire anda weighing operation to investigatethe perceived quality of HWM and the quantity of biomedical waste in Valiasr hospital, Nurabad district, Mamasani county, Iran,from July to September 2013. For 21 days, at the end of each shift, all hospital waste was weighed using scales. In addition, a 21-itemquestionnaire concerning perceptions of the quality of waste division, collection, storage, and transportation was administered to40 hospital employees. The results of the weighing operation revealed that the hospital generated 417.99 kg of waste per bed per day(kg/bed-day). Considering that there are 96 beds actively used in the hospital, the average kg/bed-day of waste generated was 2.32kg/bed-day of infectious waste, 0.03 kg/bed-day of sharps, and 2 kg/bed-day of household waste. The highest amount of infectiouswaste was generated in the emergency unit and the second highest in the operating rooms. In addition, analysis of questionnaireresponses showed that most participants classifiedHWMactivities as good, including waste division (65%), collection and transportto temporary waste storage (77.5%), and transport to the disposal zone (80%). Improper division of wastes by employees and visitorsincreased the volume of waste identified as infectious by mistakenly adding non-infectious waste to the bags of infectious waste. Toreduce the volume of waste identified as infectious, division of wastesmustbe properly implementedandscrupulously maintained.

Copyright© 2016, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided theoriginal work is properly cited.
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