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Submitted: 22 Jan 2021
Revision: 20 Apr 2021
Accepted: 17 May 2021
ePublished: 29 Jul 2021
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2021;8(1): 22-27.
doi: 10.34172/ajehe.2021.04
  Abstract View: 249
  PDF Download: 145

Original Article

Evaluation of Cefixime Toxicity Treated With Sono-electro-Fenton Process by Bioassay Using Microorganisms

Kamal Hasani 1,2 ORCID logo, Mina Moradi 1,2, Abdollah Dargahi 2,3* ORCID logo, Mehdi Vosoughi 3*

1 Student Research Committee, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran
3 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Sciences, Ardabil, Iran

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the toxicity of cefixime in the inlet solution and effluent treated with the sono-electro-Fenton process using standard strains of microorganisms. This research was performed as an experimental study, which was conducted on a laboratory scale. The standard strains of Escherichia coli (gram-negative) and Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive) were used for bioassay. First, the stock solution of 1000 mg/L containing Cefixime was prepared, and for each bacterium (gram-positive and gram-negative), 5 samples from the inlet solution of the reactor and 5 samples from effluent treated with the sono-electro-Fenton process were collected under optimal conditions. Finally, each sample was transferred to 10 mL of sterile lactose broth, and a loop of E. coli or S. aureus was dissolved in each sample. Toxicity changes were investigated by calculating the percentage of growth inhibition. The results showed that after 10 hours, the growth rate of both bacteria in the control and the effluent samples was higher, while the growth of bacteria in the inlet solution was lower and had higher toxicity. Based on the results of the study, the toxicity rate for E. coli was reduced from 70% in the inlet solution to 9.3% in the effluent (86.7% reduction in toxicity), and in the case of S. aureus, it was diminished from 25.3% in the inlet solution to 7% in the effluent (72.3% reduction in toxicity) after 10 hours. Based on the results of the present study, bioassay using microorganisms is an effective and useful method to study changes in the toxicity of cefixime.
Keywords: Cefixime, Toxicity, Sono-electro-Fenton, Bioassay, Microorganism,
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Abstract View: 249

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PDF Download: 145

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