Submitted: 17 May 2018
Revised: 15 Sep 2018
Accepted: 07 Oct 2018
First published online: 26 Dec 2018
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2018;5(1):15-20.
doi: 10.15171/ajehe.2018.03
  Abstract View: 97
  PDF Download: 84

Research Article

Using Multilayer Perceptron Artificial Neural Network for Predicting and Modeling the Chemical Oxygen Demand of the Gamasiab River

Mohamad Parsimehr 1, Kamran Shayesteh 1 * , Kazem Godini 2, Maryam Bayat Varkeshi 3

1 Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Hamedan, Iran
2 Department of Environmental Health, Health Sciences Research Center, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Hamedan, Iran
3 Department of Water Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Malayer University, Hamedan, Iran
Kamran Shayesteh, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Natural Resources and Environment, Malayer University, Malayer, Hamedan, Iran. Tel: +989123784864 Email: K.shayesteh@malayeru.ac.ir

Article

Concerns about water quality have widely increased in the last three decades; thus, water quality is now as important as its quantity. To study and model the quality of the Gamasiab River, its data, including chemical oxygen demand (COD), biological oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved oxygen (DO), total dissolved solids (TDS), total suspended solids in water, acidity, temperature, turbidity, and cations and anions were measured at four stations. Then, the correlations between these parameters and COD were measured using Pearson’s correlation coefficient and modeled by multilayer perceptron artificial neural network. In order to minimize the cost of the experiments performed and to provide the input parameters to the artificial neural network based on the correlations between the data and COD, the number of input parameters was reduced and finally, model No.3, with the Momentum training function and the TanhAxon activation function with the validation correlation coefficient of 0.97, mean absolute error of 2.88, and normalized root mean square error of 0.11 was identified as the most accurate model with the lowest cost. The results of the present study showed that the multilayer perceptron neural network has high ability in modeling the COD of the river, and those data correlated with each other have the greatest effect on the model. Moreover, the number of input parameters can be reduced in order to lower the cost of experiments while the performance of the model is not undermined.
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