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Submitted: 30 Mar 2016
Revision: 15 May 2016
Accepted: 30 May 2016
ePublished: 16 Oct 2017
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2016;3(1): 7647-7647.
doi: 10.17795/ajehe-7647
  Abstract View: 500
  PDF Download: 306

Research Article

Combined Treatment of Old Sanitary Landfill Leachate

Visnja Orescanin 1 * , Robert Kollar 2, Damir Ruk 3, Ivan Halkijevic 4, Marin Kuspilic 4

1 Orescanin Ltd., A. Jaksica 30, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
2 Advanced Energy Ltd., V. Prekrata 43, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
3 Komunalac, Mosna 15, Koprivnica, Croatia
4 Faculty of Civil Engineering, Department of Water Research, Fra Andrije Kacica-Miosica 26, Zagreb, Croatia
* Corresponding author: Visnja Orescanin, Orescanin Ltd., A. Jaksica 30, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia vorescan@gmail.com

Abstract

Landfill leachate presents hardly treatable, highly complex and very toxic environmental effluent originated in the municipal solid waste degradation process. Although, numerous treatment methods were developed so far, none of them alone could achieve permissible limits of the primary pollutants to discharge into natural recipients. The current study aimed to develop and apply the process to treat landfill leachate by simultaneous application of electrochemical methods, ultrasound, electromagnetic field and ozonation to achieve the legal criteria for its discharge into natural recipient and minimize its adverse environmental impacts. For this purpose, old landfill leachate was taken from the Piskornica (Koprivnica, Croatia) sanitary landfill. Prior to the treatment, the leachate was supplemented with NaCl (2 g/L) and subjected to simultaneous treatment with stainless steel electrode plates, ultrasound and recirculation through electromagnetic field. After 45 minutes, stainless steel electrode plates were replaced by iron electrodes and treated for another 10 minutes followed by 15 minutes of the treatment with aluminum electrode plates. Ultrasound and recirculation through electromagnetic field were also applied during Fe and Al electrode treatment. Finally, the electrodes were removed and the suspension was mixed with ozone for another 30 minutes and allowed to settle for an hour. Following the combined treatment, the removal efficiency for the turbidity, color, suspended solids, ammonium, phosphates and heavy metals was 99% or higher, while the removal of COD was 97%. All the measured parameters in the treated leachate were lower compared to upper permissible limit for discharge into natural recipient.
Keywords: Electrocoagulation, Electromagnetic Treatment, Electrooxidation, Electroreduction, Landfill Leachate, Ultrasound
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