Submitted: 20 Jul 2017
Revised: 10 Nov 2017
Accepted: 25 Nov 2017
First published online: 20 Dec 2017
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Avicenna J Environ Health Eng. 2017;4(2):13-18.
doi: 10.15171/ajehe.2017.03
  Abstract View: 69
  PDF Download: 148

Original Article

Sonocatalytic Degradation of Humic Substances From Aquatic Environments Using MgO Nanoparticles

Reza Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani 1, Mahdi Safari 2,3 * ORCiD, Reza Rezaee 2,3, Afshin Maleki 2,3, Omid Giahi 2, Reza Ghanbari 4

1 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
2 Environmental Health Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
3 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
4 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
*Correspondence to Mahdi Safari, Tel: +98 8731827426; Fax: +98 8716625131; Email: Safari.m.eng@gmail.com

Abstract

Humic substances are considered as one of the major natural organic contaminants in water resources. Presence of such substances in the drinking water supply resources results in poor water quality and jeopardizes the consumer’s health. In the present study, sonocatalytic decomposition of the humic substances by using MgO nanoparticles was investigated under the radiation of the ultrasonic waves. Accordingly, the X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques were used to determine characteristics of the nanoparticles. Furthermore, the effects of various parameters, including the amount of nanoparticles, initial pH, initial concentration of humic substances, contact time, as well as the power and frequency of ultrasonic waves on the efficiency of the sonocatalytic decomposition of humic substances were investigated. Results of the present study showed that the efficiency of sonocatalytic decomposition of humic substances was reduced by increasing the initial pH and initial concentration of the humic substances; while, the increased amount of the nanocatalyst resulted in the increased efficiency of decomposition. Furthermore, the obtained results indicated that the MgO sonocatalytic process could decompose the humic substances with the efficiency of 78.5% under optimal conditions (pH:7, initial concentration of humic substances: 20 mg/L, concentration of nanoparticles:1 g/L, power: 100%, frequency: 37 kHz and contact time:120 min). Based on the obtained results, the sonocatalytic method using MgO can remove humic substances and other similar organic matters from the aquatic environments with a high efficiency.
© 2017 The Author(s); Published by Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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